Our focus is on the learner and factors affecting the learner


Explanation of the model

An holistic view for a contemporary education, the main focus of the theory is to enable and empower self-creation and self-realisation for our young people, amidst the challenges of the 21st century. The theory supports the opinion that 'learning is becoming' (Ranson et al, 1996).
Based on activity theory and using ideas from Bronfenbrenner (1969), the pupil is in the centre and, with regard to the inner circle, one aspect builds on another through a circular clockwise movement. This would also follow Engeström's (1987) concept of learning as cyclical, something he terms ‘expansive learning’.
Wider Society The School, Teaching & Pedagogy The Family Goal Setting Learning Behaviours Learning Orientation Motivation & growth mind-set Self-efficacy Well-being & self-concept Character, core values & idiolect


Bronfenbrenner, U. (1969) The ecology of human development: experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press

Engeström, Y. (1987) Learning by expanding: an activity-theoretical approach to developmental research. Helsinki: Orienta-Konsultit Oy

Ranson, S., Martin, J., Nixon, J. and McKeown, P. (1996) Towards a Theory of Learning. British Journal of Educational Studies, 44(1), 9-26

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